Recovery Stalls as Few Clean Energy Employees Return to Work in July

  • Stagnant growth despite nationwide reopenings raises long-term concerns
  • Approx. 511,100 clean energy workers remain jobless as COVID-19 crisis continues
  • Without strong policy action, recovering lost jobs could take many years

WASHINGTON, D.C. – Despite nationwide reopenings, job recovery in the U.S. clean energy sector slowed to a trickle in July. Only 3,200 clean energy jobs returned last month, a sharp decline from June’s short-lived surge of 106,000 job gains and further indication that – without support from Congress – what was one of the nation’s fastest-growing job sectors faces a long recovery.

July’s 0.1% employment growth leaves more than half-a-million (511,075) clean energy workers jobless, according to the latest analysis of federal unemployment filings from E2 (Environmental Entrepreneurs), E4TheFuture and the American Council on Renewable Energy (ACORE). At the current pace, and without federal support, it would take nearly 15 years for the U.S. clean energy sector to reach pre-COVID-19 employment levels.

According to the monthly report, just one out of every six clean energy jobs lost since March has returned, and fewer than 10 states saw 100-plus clean energy employees back on the payroll in July. As federal Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) funds are exhausted and businesses are forced to close or scale back due to COVID-19’s resurgence, more layoffs could be imminent without congressional action.

Nationally, more than 15% of the clean energy workforce has filed for unemployment since the pandemic’s onset. Before COVID-19, nearly 3.4 million Americans across all 50 states and the District of Columbia worked in clean energy occupations – renewable energy, energy efficiency, grid modernization, clean vehicles and fuels. That’s more people than work in real estate, banking, or agriculture in the U.S. and three times the number that work in fossil fuels. Clean energy jobs had been growing 70% faster than the overall economy from 2015-2019, according to E2’s Clean Jobs America report.

Many of these jobs could be saved – and many more created quickly. July’s “Build Back Better, Faster” report from E2 and E4TheFuture shows that with a reasonable but robust investment in clean energy through existing, funding-approved federal programs, more than 860,000 jobs and $330 billion in economic activity could be generated. For details, see the full “Build Back Better, Faster” report here.

Bob Keefe, Executive Director of E2 said:

“While the rest of the world is doubling down on clean energy to jump-start their economies, our country’s leaders are sitting around watching these jobs disappear. Study after study – as well as history – shows investing in clean energy is the best and fastest way to build back our economy. Why doesn’t Congress get it – and do something?”

Pat Stanton, Policy Director for E4TheFuture said:

“July’s analysis is cause for grave concern. Clean energy workers in every American county are eager to help our economy recover while contributing to cleaner air. Investing in clean energy today can bring economic, environmental, and equity benefits that will last for decades. Let’s get these workers back on the job now.”

Gregory Wetstone, President and CEO of the American Council on Renewable Energy (ACORE), said:

“The renewable sector’s modest job gains in June have stalled out and are at risk of reversing again. Fourteen percent of our workforce is still unemployed. What is needed most right now is temporary refundability of renewable tax credits so projects can continue to move forward despite an increasingly constrained tax equity market, and a delay in the scheduled phasedown of existing tax credits. Enacting these commonsense emergency relief measures into law would stem ongoing job losses in every state and enable the renewable industry to help power the nation’s economic recovery.”

Phil Jordan, Vice President and Principal at BW Research Partnership, said:

“The job recovery in the clean energy sector has stalled. While July brought new jobs to some parts of the U.S. economy, clean energy has a long way to go to regain the more than 500,000 jobs lost since February.”

Monthly Clean Energy Job Losses by Sector:

SectorMarch April May  June JulyTotal
Energy Efficiency-103,298-309,584-18,880+71,786+2,105-357,871
Clean Vehicles-11,399-35,070-2,059+10,335+276-37,917
Grid & Storage-6,517-19,666-1,166+4,561+132-22,656
Clean Fuels-2,186-10,390-657+2,351+91-10,791
INDUSTRY TOTAL-147,139-446,416-27,035+106,320+3,195-511,075

Clean Energy Job Losses by State:

StateTotal LossesPercent of Clean Energy Workforce
North Carolina21,21418.8%
New York17,23910.8%

The data analyzed for this report did not include workers who had their hours slashed and are now significantly underemployed.

For more information, including breakdowns by state, county and metro area, click here. For interview requests, please contact Michael Timberlake (913-645-9103;; Alex Frank (703-276-3264;; or Alex Hobson (202 594-0706;


The analysis expands on data from the 2020 U.S. Energy and Employment Report (USEER) produced by the Energy Futures Initiative (EFI) in partnership with the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO), using data collected and analyzed by the BW Research Partnership. The report was released in March 2020 and is available at E2 and E4TheFuture are partners on the annual USEER, the fifth installment of the energy survey first released by the Department of Energy in 2016 and subsequently abandoned under the Trump administration. 

Previous E2, E4TheFuture, ACORE Clean Energy Unemployment Reports

For policy recommendations from E2 on building America’s economy back better and faster through clean energy visit E2’s Build Back Better homepage.


Founded in 2001, the American Council on Renewable Energy (ACORE) is the nation’s premier pan-renewable organization uniting finance, policy and technology to accelerate the transition to a renewable energy economy. For more information, please visit

Environmental Entrepreneurs (E2) is a national, nonpartisan group of business leaders, investors, and professionals from every sector of the economy who advocate for smart policies that are good for the economy and good for the environment. Our members have founded or funded more than 2,500 companies, created more than 600,000 jobs, and manage more than $100 billion in venture and private equity capital. For more information, see or follow us on Twitter at @e2org.

E4TheFuture works for clean, efficient and safe energy solutions. A nonprofit organization, we promote energy efficiency, renewables, demand management, energy storage and electric vehicles to advance climate protection and economic fairness. We work to achieve an energy economy that is sustainable, lower cost, and resilient. Our “Faces of EE” initiative shines a light on energy efficiency professionals nationwide. Visit or follow us on Twitter at @E4TheFuture and @FacesofEE.

Media Contacts:

Alex Hobson — (202) 594-0706,

Michael Timberlake — (202) 289-2407,

Alex Frank — (703) 276-3264,

Carina Daniels — (510) 847-1617,