Germany has one of the most developed renewable energy industries in the world and its government has set high goals for energy production from renewables. Currently, 25 percent of the country’s energy needs are met through a combination of wind, solar, hydroelectric and biomass.
In the aftermath of the 2011 Fukushima Nuclear Disaster in Japan, the German government announced its intention to shut down all of its existing nuclear plants—which accounted for 20 percent of its electricity—and replace them with renewable energy. This declaration followed the 2010 announcement of several ambitious renewable energy goals until the year 2050 including increasing the percentage of renewable electricity to 35 percent by 2020, 50 percent by 2030, 65 percent by 2040 and 80 percent by 2050. Germany’s commitment to renewable energy development and its creation of long-term energy strategy focused on clean energy make it a world leader on the subject.
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